How To Say Your Country In Korean

Country names in Korean

World map

I am going to show you country names of the world and how to write them in Korean based on English or original language phonetic sound. When you read Korean, it may not be exactly the same sound you are used to as there are certain English letters that Korean alphabet doesn’t have.

Here is how we replace English letters to Korean letters. But this can change really depending on how the syllables make up a sound.

English lettersKorean letter replacement
f ㅂ / ㅍ
v
thㄷ / ㄸ / ㅅ / ㅆ/ ㅌ
z
r / l

We (Korean) may have chosen to use Korean words to say Island, Democratic Republic and United included in some country names.

The recordings repeat each country twice. The first time is the sound for each broken down syllable and the second time is the sound to speak it naturally.

You can play the recordings placed below each English alphabet letters (from a to z) to confirm how to say the names in Korean.


How To Say South Korea and North Korea in Korean

대한민국 or 한국 South Korea (official name: Republic of Korea)
북한 North Korea (official name: Democratic people’s republic of Korea)

Korea

How To Say All Other Countries

a

Afghanistan 아프가니스탄
Albania 알바니아
Algeria 알제리
Andorra 안도라
Angola 앙골라
Argentina 아르헨티나
Armenia 아르메니아
Australia 호주
Austria 오스트리아
Azerbaijan 아제르바이잔

a

b

Bahamas 바하마
Bahrain 바레인
Bangladesh 방글라데시
Barbados 바베이도스
Belarus 벨라루스
Belgium 벨기에
Belize 벨리즈
Benin 베냉
Bhutan 부탄
Bolivia 볼리비아
Bosnia and Herzegovina 보스니아헤르체고비나
Botswana 보츠와나
Brazil 브라질
Brunei 브루나이
Bulgaria 불가리아
Burkina Faso 부르키나 파소
Burundi 부룬디

b

c

Cabo Verde 카보베르데
Cambodia 캄보디아
Cameroon 카메룬
Canada 캐나다
Central African Republic 남아프리카 공화국
Chad 차드
Chile 칠레
China 중국
Colombia 콜롬비아
Comoros 코모로
Cook Islands 쿡제도
Costa Rica 코스타리카
Croatia 크로아티아
Cuba 쿠바
Cyprus 키프로스
Czech Republic 체코

c

d

Democratic Republic of the Congo 콩고 민주 공화국
Denmark 덴마크
Djibouti 지부티
Dominica 도미니카
Dominican Republic 도미니카 공화국

d

e

Ecuador 에콰도르
Egypt 이집트
El Salvador 엘살바도르
Equatorial Guinea 적도 기니
Eritrea 에리트레아
Estonia 에스토니아
Ethiopia 에티오피아

e

f

Faroe Islands 페로 제도
Fiji 피지
Finland 핀란드
France 프랑스

f

g

Gabon 가봉
Gambia 감비아
Georgia 조지아
Germany 독일
Ghana 가나
Greece 그리스
Grenada 그레나다
Guatemala 과테말라
Guinea 기니
Guinea-Bissau 기니비사우
Guyana 가이아나

g

h

Haiti 아이티
Honduras 온두라스
Hungary 헝가리

h

i

Iceland 아이슬란드
India 인도
Indonesia 인도네시아
Iran 이란
Iraq 이라크
Ireland 아일랜드
Israel 이스라엘
Italy 이탈리아

i

j

Jamaica 자메이카
Japan 일본
Jordan 요르단

j

k

Kazakhstan 카자흐스탄
Kenya 케냐
Kiribati 키리바시
Kuwait 쿠웨이트
Kyrgyzstan 키르기스스탄

k

l

Laos 라오스
Lativa 라트비아
Lebanon 레바논
Lesotho 레소토
Liberia 라이베리아
Libya 리비아
Lithuania 리투아니아
Luxembourg 룩셈부르크

l

m

Madagascar 마다가스카르
Malawi 말라위
Malaysia 말레이시아
Maldives 몰디브
Mali 말리
Malta 몰타
Marshall Islands 마셜
Mauritania 모리타니
Mauritius 모리셔스
Mexico 멕시코
Micronesia 미크로네시아
Monaco 모나코
Mongolia 몽골
Montenegro 몬테네그로
Morocco 모로코
Mozambique 모잠비크
Myanmar 미얀마

m

n

Namibia 나미비아
Nauru 나우루
Nepal 네팔
Netherlands 네덜란드
New Zealand 뉴질랜드
Nicaragua 니카라과
Niger 니제르
Nigeria 나이지리아
Niue 니우에 섬
Norway 노르웨이

n

o

Oman 오만

o

p

Pakistan 파키스탄
Palau 팔라우
Panama 파나마
Papua New Guinea 파푸아뉴기니
Paraguay 파라과이
Peru 페루
Philippines 필리핀
Poland 폴란드
Portugal 포르투갈

p

q

Qatar 카타르

q

r

Republic of Moldova 몰도바
Romania 루마니아
Russia 러시아
Rwanda 르완다

r

s

Saint Kitts and Nevis 세인트키츠 네비스
Saint Lucia 세인트루시아
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 세인트빈센트그레나딘
Samoa 사모아
San Marino 산마리노
Sao Tome and Principe 상투메프린시페
Saudi Arabia 사우디아라비아
Senegal 세네갈
Serbia 세르비아
Seychelles 세이셸
Sierra Leone 시에라리온
Singapore 싱가폴
Slovakia 슬로바키아
Slovenia 슬로베니아
Solomon Islands 솔로몬 제도
Somalia 소말리아
South Africa 남아프리카 공화국
South Sudan 남수단
Spain 스페인
Sri Lanka 스리랑카
Sudan 수단
Suriname 수리남
Swaziland 스와질란드
Sweden 스웨덴
Switzerland 스위스
Syria 시리아

s

t

Tadjikistan 타지키스탄
Taiwan 대만
Tanzania 탄자니아
Thailand 태국
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 구 유고슬라비아 마케도니아 공화국
Timor-Leste 동티모르
Togo 토고
Tokelau 토켈라우
Tonga 통가
Trinidad and Tobago 트리니다드토바고
Tunisia 튀니지
Turkey 터키
Turkmenistan 투르크메니스탄
Tuvalu 투발루

t

u

Uganda 우간다
Ukraine 우크라이나
United Arab Emirates 아랍 에미리트 연합국
United Kingdom 영국
United Republic of Tanzania 탄자니아
United States of America 미국
Uruguay 우루과이
Uzbekistan 우즈베키스탄

u

v

Vanuatu 비누아투
Vatican City 바티칸시국
Venezuela 베네주엘라
Vietnam 베트남

v

y

Yemen 예멘

y

z

Zambia 잠비아
Zimbabwe 짐바브웨

z

Please let me know if I missed any country and comment below where you are from by filling the blank with your country name 🙂

저는 _______에서 왔어요.

I am from _______.

How To Say Zodiac Signs In Korean

무슨 별자리예요?

What’s your zodiac sign?

무슨 별자리예요?

무슨 which
별 star
자리 seat
별자리 zodiac sign
예요 be verb from 이다 (dictionary)

To answer the question

My zodiac sign is _________.

If the zodiac sign ends with a vowel:
제 별자리는 ________예요.

If the zodiac sign ends with a consonant:
제 별자리는 ________이에요.

Zodiac signs with each recording

양자리 Aries / the Ram (3월 21일~4월 19일)

황소자리 Taurus / the Bull (4월 20일~5월 20일)

쌍둥이자리 Gemini / the Twins (5월 21일~6월 21일)

게자리 Cancer / the Crab (6월 22일~7월 22일)

사자자리 Leo / the Lion (7월 23일~8월 22일)

처녀자리 Virgo / the Virgin (8월 23일~9월 23일)

천칭자리 Libra / the Scales (9월 24일~10월 22일)

전갈자리 Scorpio / the Scorpion (10월 23일~11월 22일)

사수자리 Sagittarius / the Archer (11월 23일~12월 24일)

염소자리 Capricorn / the Goat (12월 25일~1월 19일)

물병자리 Aquarius / the Water Bearer (1월 20일~2월 18일)

물고기자리 Pisces / the Fishes (2월 19일~3월 20일)

Rabbit Bunny Character Korean Stickers
Korean notebooks

Let’s learn all about this verb 있다

Korean verb 있다

There are a variety of meanings about this verb and it’s one of the most frequently used and basic verbs, but yet confusing. I will solve your puzzle about the verb in this post. 🙂 Comment below if you have questions after reading the post.

Meaning of the verb

You can think of the verb 있다 since three meanings below.
1) To exist
2) To have
3) There is/ are

Examples phrases

s.p = Subject Particle
o.p = Object Particle
l.p = Location Particle

For examples
저는 여기에 있어요. I am here.
I+s.p here+l.p exist.

저는 책이 있어요. I have a book.
I+s.p book+s.p have.

식탁에 사과 두개가 있어요. There are two apples on the table.
table+l.p apple two object counting unit+s.p there are.

Audio clip of the phrases

Note that 있다 is a verb that doesn’t require to have an object. Therefore, you should not use object particle with it. As you can see the second example above, there are two subjects and that’s normal if the verb doesn’t require objects. In this case, you would preferably want to use 은,는 for the first subject noun, and then 이, 가 for the second subject noun.

Instagram related post

Korean Verb Conjugations In Present Tense

Regular Verb/ Present tense Conjugation

Verb root is the stem of verbs after removing 다 from dictionary form.
1) If the verb root ends with  vowel, vowels, it becomes ‘ㅏ요’ .
2) If the verb root ends with  syllable, it becomes ‘해요’.
3) If the verb ends with the rest of vowels, it becomes ‘어요’.

Irregular rules

1) If it ends with vowel, it becomes ‘ㅕ요’.
2) If it ends with vowel, get rid of and add
‘ㅓ요’.
3) If it (only applying to some verbs) ends with ㅂ consonant, make new verb root by getting rid of ㅂ and add ‘우’, then ‘어요’ (which becomes ‘워요’)


Download the FREE PDF of 245 verbs that are conjugated from dictionary to present/ past/ future polite speech. Click HERE.

245 Korean verb conjugation from dictionary to present, past and future tense
245 Korean verb conjugation from dictionary to present, past and future tense

Does Korean language Have Alphabet?

Consonants

Korean alphabet has a total of 29 consonants and they are broken down into three categories;

14 basic consonants, 5 double consonants, and 10 reformed consonants

1. Basic Consonants (14)

gndl / rmbs
slient / ngjchktph

2. Double Consonants (5)

ggddbbssjj

3. Reformed Consonants (10)

gsnjnhrgrmrbrsrtrprh

Vowels

There are a total of 21 consonants and they are broken down into three categories;

10 basic vowels and 11 reformed vowels

The first row is Korean vowels and the second row is how each one represents in English, but they are not the same as pronunciation.
The third line is the vowel position in each syllable.
s – side
b – bottom
m – mix (side and bottom)

You don’t need to worry about the vowel position until you learn how to make syllables.

1. Basic Vowels (10)

ayaeoyeooyouyueui
ssssbbbbbs

2. Reformed Vowels (11)

aeyaeeyeoiuieui
ssssmmm
   
oaeueueooa   
mmmm   

CARDDIA Korean Alphabet

FAQS

  • What’s the advantage and disadvantage of having so many vowels since there are only 5 vowels in English?

    In English, 5 vowels can be pronounced in different ways depending on which words they are used in.
    For example, ‘banana’ has three As in one word but each a sounds all different like [beo naei na]. However, in Korean, we have so many vowels that you can write and make sound for each vowel which is really cool because you will know how to pronounce words even if it’s the first time to see them! How many times have you had troubles to pronounce English words correctly as it’s the first time to see the word? many..! You won’t have this same problem with Korean. 🙂
    The only downside is you need to take more time to memorize all vowels at the beginner’s level. but that’s okay.. 🙂

    Do the Korean consonants sound like English consonants?

    Yes they do.. but they will be pronounced a bit more strongly. For example, sometime you may hear ‘k’ letter but it’s written ㄱ (g) in Korean. Thus, often when you see Korean romanized words such as 김치(kimchi), they tended to be written for people to pronounce the words rather than the actual writing. However, if you start thinking k for Korean ㄱ (g), how can you write Korean ㅋ (k)? My romanization methods are made for writing purposes since I really want you to understand how to say based on looking at Korean characters rather than English romanization.

    What does ㄹ (l / r) mean?

    Korean consonant ㄹ can be more like l or r depending on where the consonant position is. When the consonant ㄹ is the first consonant in the syllable, it’s pronounced more like ‘l’. When ㄹ is the last consonant in the syllable, it’s pronounced more like ‘r’. I still want you to know that you never roll your tongue inside like English ‘r’. You need to relax your tongue to make a sound of Korean ‘r’.

    What is exactly silent/ng for a consonant ‘ㅇ’?

    When the consonant ‘ㅇ’ is the first consonant in the syllable, it’s silent and when it’s the last consonant, it’s pronounced as ‘ng’. The reason why it could be silent is you can’t break the rule of Korean syllable structure which is always starting with a consonant. (You will learn this structure in the next level,Foundation.) When a syllable starts with a vowel in speaking, you still need to fill a consonant to form a syllable in writing.
    In this case, ‘ㅇ’ (silent) comes in handy.

    How do you pronounce double consonants? What’s the difference with regular consonants?

    I would say the double consonants have more traction when you speak.The sound for ㄲ comes out from back of your throat. The sound for ㄸ has strong traction between your tongue and roof of your mouth. The sound for ㅃ also has strong traction between your lips and for ㅆ and ㅉ, it’s between teeth.

    I am really lost with reformed consonants. How the heck do you pronounce them?

    Yeah.. it’s even hard for me to pronounce them. Just you know.. they are only used as last consonants. Try to pronounce the consonants from left to right but sometimes, only one consonant can be pronounced in certain words. These consonants are not as common to be used so you can learn to say them as you go.

    There are so many vowels to remember. Can you please help me how to memerize them more effectively?

    Yes! I’ve thought about this and made my own methods to remember these vowels more easily. You will appreciate why I put vowels in the rows that way. In the first line of the reformed vowels, they are the same vowels from the basic vowels except that they are added with an extra vowel ‘ㅣ’. However, ㅛ and ㅠ don’t apply to this, and you would just have to remember the 4 vowels in the second line.. I still hope this method helps since it’s easy to extend 7 vowels from the basic ones. 🙂

    Some vowels sound the same to me. How can I distinguish them?

    Let’s first find out what vowels are similar to each other. The first group ㅐ and ㅔ. The second group ㅒ, ㅖ and the third group ㅚ, ㅙ, ㅞ.
    When you pronounce those vowels that are similar to each other, there may be a scientific explanation to distinguish them depending on your tongue position but I wouldn’t really want you to worry about it. Here is why.. For example, in English, if ‘apple’ is spelled as ‘epple’, what is the difference? A and e in those words are pronounced so similar that English speakers don’t care much to make difference when speaking. Anther good example is ‘marry’ and ‘merry’. For those Korean vowels groups, it’s the same thing. However, You can distinguish them more easily in writing when you romanize English words to Korean. ‘ㅐ’is more like ‘a’ in English vs ‘ㅔ’ as in ‘e’. For example, if you romanize ‘sara’, I would more likely to write 새라 rather than 세라. However, romanizaiton could your preference.