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Regular Verb/ Present tense Conjugation
* remove 다 from dictionary form verbs first.
1) If the verb ends with ㅏ, ㅗ vowels, it becomes “ㅏ요”.
2) If the verb ends with 하, it becomes “해요”.
3) If the verb ends with the rest of vowels, it becomes “어요”.
1) If it ends with ㅣ, it becomes “ㅕ요”.
2) If it ends with ㅡ, get rid of ㅡ and add “ㅓ요”
3) If it ends with ㅂ consonant, make new verb root by getting rid of ㅂand add “우”, then “어요” (which becomes “워요“)
1) V root + 겠어요. = Have decided to V for the future.
2) V root + ㄹ/을게요. = Will V. (while accepting the idea of the opposite)
3) V root + ㄹ/을 거예요. = Will V (general future tense)
4) V root + ㄹ/을래요. = Let me do V
A 지/이지 B 아니에요. = It’s A and not B.
V 라고 가르쳐요. = teach you to V.
V 는데요. = V + (open conversation ending)
Be+adj ㄴ/은데요. = Be+adj + (open conversation ending)
V ㄹ/을 때 = When V (Question when; 언제)
V 자. = Let’s V (casual) (For the polite one, you can just use conjugated verb in present tense)
V ㄹ/을 수 있다 = Can V
V ㄹ/을 수 없다 = Can’t V
A 에서 B 까지 = From A to B
N 랑/이랑 = With/ And
V root 고/ N 하고/ sentence 1 그리고 sentence 2 = And
하지만, 그러나 = However
V 지만 = V but
past V 으나 = past V but
A 나/이나 B = A or B
N 나/이나 = Even N
V 면/으면 = If V
V1 다가 V2 = in the middle of V1 and then V2.
V 면서/으면서 = While V
N 동안 = During N
V 죠? = V (for confirmation such as “isn’t it?”) – When it’s a statement, it means ‘of course for the V.
V 지? = V (same as above but in casual)
V 면/으면 돼요. = It will be fine if V.
Conjugated V 도 돼요. = It will be okay for you to V. (permission)
Conjugated V 도 = even though V
Conjugated V 야 돼요. = Have to V