Grammar

I am currently in the process of working on the grammar section. If you have any questions regarding the content, please feel free to comment below and it will be appreciated. Thanks!
In-young


Basic
Grammar

Regular Verb/ Present tense Conjugation
* remove 다 from dictionary form verbs first.
1) If the verb ends with ㅏ, ㅗ vowels, it becomes “ㅏ요”.
2) If the verb ends with  , it becomes “해요”.
3) If the verb ends with the rest of vowels, it becomes “어요”.

**Irregular rules**
1) If it ends with ㅣ, it becomes “ㅕ요”.
2) If it ends with ㅡ, get rid of and add “ㅓ요”
3) If it ends with ㅂ consonant, make new verb root by getting rid of ㅂand add “우”, then “어요” (which becomes “워요“)

3 Wills.
1) V root + 겠어요. = Have decided to V  for the future.
2) V root +  ㄹ/을게요. = Will V. (while accepting the idea of the opposite)
3) V root + ㄹ/을 거예요. = Will V (general future tense)
4) V root + ㄹ/을래요. = Let me do V
Advanced Grammar

A 지/이지 B 아니에요. = It’s A and not B.
V 라고 가르쳐요. = teach you to V.
V 는데요. = V + (open conversation ending)
Be+adj ㄴ/은데요. = Be+adj + (open conversation ending)
V ㄹ/을 때 = When V (Question when; 언제)
V 자. = Let’s V (casual) (For the polite one, you can just use conjugated verb in present tense)
V ㄹ/을 수 있다 = Can V
V ㄹ/을 수 없다 = Can’t V
A 에서 B 까지 = From A to B
N 랑/이랑 = With/ And
V root 고/ N 하고/ sentence 1 그리고 sentence 2 = And
하지만, 그러나 = However
V 지만 = V but
past V 으나 = past V but
A 나/이나 B = A or B
N 나/이나 = Even N
V 면/으면 = If V
V1 다가 V2 = in the middle of V1 and then V2.
V 면서/으면서 = While V
N 동안 = During N
V 죠? = V (for confirmation such as “isn’t it?”) – When it’s a statement, it means ‘of course for the V.
V 지? = V (same as above but in casual)
V 면/으면 돼요. = It will be fine if V.
Conjugated V 도 돼요. = It will be okay for you to V. (permission)
Conjugated V 도 = even though V
Conjugated V 야 돼요. = Have to V

9 thoughts on “Grammar”

  1. 안녕 선생님!

    I know that 정말, 진자 and 너무 are all words for really/very, but I was wondering if these words are completely interchangeable or whether you should use certain ones in certain situations?

    1. 정말 and 진짜 can be more like “really” in the sense that you could use them by themselves (usually question) or not. However, 아주 is more like “very” because it can only be used within sentences.
      I hope this answers your question! 🙂

  2. I’m not sure if I fully grasp the difference between “이제” and “지금”. From what I understand 이제 means “now as opposed to in past” (like when saying you’re going to change a behaviour) and 지금 simply means “right now”. Is this the proper understanding?

  3. Since verb stems that end in ㄹ keep their form in expressions like -(으)ㄹ 수 있어요, is the only way to tell the difference between “can buy” and “can live” (살 수 있어요) the words surrounding the verb?

    1. You can tell by if there is an object in the sentence since “live” doesn’t require an object as opposed to “buy”.

      If you omit an object when using a verb, “buy”, which could happen commonly in a colloquial speach,, you might not be able to tell unless you are in the situation. 🙂

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