Alphabet

Consonants
There are a total of 29 consonants and they are broken down into three categories;
14 basic consonants, 5 double consonants, and 10 reformed consonants.

Consonants

There are a total of 29 consonants and they are broken down into three categories;
14 basic consonants, 5 double consonants, and 10 reformed consonants.

1. Basic Consonants (14)

g n d l / r m b s
slient / ng j ch k t p h

2. Double Consonants (5)

gg dd bb ss jj

3. Reformed Consonants (10)

gs nj nh rg rm rb rs rt rp rh

Vowels

The third line in the vowel tables is the vowel position.

Don’t worry.. you will find out what vowel positions are in the second level, Foundation! 🙂

1. Basic Vowels (10)

a ya eo yeo o yo u yu eu i
s s s s b b b b b s

2. Reformed Vowels (11)

ae yae e ye oi ui eui
s s s s m m m
oae ue ueo oa
m m m m

FAQS

    • What’s the advantage and disadvantage of having so many vowels since there are only 5 vowels in English?

      In English, 5 vowels can be pronounced in different ways depending on which words they are used in.
      For example, ‘banana’ has three As in one word but each a sounds all different like [beo naei na]. However, in Korean, we have so many vowels that you can write and make sound for each vowel which is really cool because you will know how to pronounce words even if it’s the first time to see them! How many times have you had troubles to pronounce English words correctly as it’s the first time to see the word? many..! You won’t have this same problem with Korean. 🙂
      The only downside is you need to take more time to memorize all vowels at the beginner’s level. but that’s okay.. 🙂

      Do the Korean consonants sound like English consonants?

      Yes they do.. but they will be pronounced a bit more strongly. For example, sometime you may hear ‘k’ letter but it’s written ㄱ (g) in Korean. Thus, often when you see Korean romanized words such as 김치(kimchi), they tended to be written for people to pronounce the words rather than the actual writing. However, if you start thinking k for Korean ㄱ (g), how can you write Korean ㅋ (k)? My romanization methods are made for writing purposes since I really want you to understand how to say based on looking at Korean characters rather than English romanization.

      What does ㄹ (l / r) mean?

      Korean consonant ㄹ can be more like l or r depending on where the consonant position is. When the consonant ㄹ is the first consonant in the syllable, it’s pronounced more like ‘l’. When ㄹ is the last consonant in the syllable, it’s pronounced more like ‘r’. I still want you to know that you never roll your tongue inside like English ‘r’. You need to relax your tongue to make a sound of Korean ‘r’.

      What is exactly silent/ng for a consonant ‘ㅇ’?

      When the consonant ‘ㅇ’ is the first consonant in the syllable, it’s silent and when it’s the last consonant, it’s pronounced as ‘ng’. The reason why it could be silent is you can’t break the rule of Korean syllable structure which is always starting with a consonant. (You will learn this structure in the next level,Foundation.) When a syllable starts with a vowel in speaking, you still need to fill a consonant to form a syllable in writing.
      In this case, ‘ㅇ’ (silent) comes in handy.

      How do you pronounce double consonants? What’s the difference with regular consonants?

      I would say the double consonants have more traction when you speak.The sound for ㄲ comes out from back of your throat. The sound for ㄸ has strong traction between your tongue and roof of your mouth. The sound for ㅃ also has strong traction between your lips and for ㅆ and ㅉ, it’s between teeth.

      I am really lost with reformed consonants. How the heck do you pronounce them?

      Yeah.. it’s even hard for me to pronounce them. Just you know.. they are only used as last consonants. Try to pronounce the consonants from left to right but sometimes, only one consonant can be pronounced in certain words. These consonants are not as common to be used so you can learn to say them as you go.

      There are so many vowels to remember. Can you please help me how to memerize them more effectively?

      Yes! I’ve thought about this and made my own methods to remember these vowels more easily. You will appreciate why I put vowels in the rows that way. In the first line of the reformed vowels, they are the same vowels from the basic vowels except that they are added with an extra vowel ‘ㅣ’. However, ㅛ and ㅠ don’t apply to this, and you would just have to remember the 4 vowels in the second line.. I still hope this method helps since it’s easy to extend 7 vowels from the basic ones. 🙂

      Some vowels sound the same to me. How can I distinguish them?

      Let’s first find out what vowels are similar to each other. The first group ㅐ and ㅔ. The second group ㅒ, ㅖ and the third group ㅚ, ㅙ, ㅞ.
      When you pronounce those vowels that are similar to each other, there may be a scientific explanation to distinguish them depending on your tongue position but I wouldn’t really want you to worry about it. Here is why.. For example, in English, if ‘apple’ is spelled as ‘epple’, what is the difference? A and e in those words are pronounced so similar that English speakers don’t care much to make difference when speaking. Anther good example is ‘marry’ and ‘merry’. For those Korean vowels groups, it’s the same thing. However, You can distinguish them more easily in writing when you romanize English words to Korean. ‘ㅐ’is more like ‘a’ in English vs ‘ㅔ’ as in ‘e’. For example, if you romanize ‘sara’, I would more likely to write 새라 rather than 세라. However, romanizaiton could your preference.

 

이소라 ‘신청 Song Request’ (Feat. SUGA of BTS)

창밖엔 또 비가 와  It’s raining outside window
이럴 땐 꼭 네가 떠올라  I always think of you in times like this
잠이 오지 않아  I cannot fall asleep

내방엔 이 침묵과   Silence in my room and
쓸쓸한 내 심장 소리가  My lonely heart
미칠 것만 같아  Are going crazy

So I turn on my radio  So I turn on my radio
낯선 목소리가 들려오고  I hear some strange sound
And on the radio  And on the radio
슬픈 그 사연이 너무 내 얘기 같아서  That sad story is just like mine

Hey DJ play me a song to make me smile  Hey DJ play me a song to make me smile
마음이 울적한 밤에 나 대신 웃어줄  At the night where I am feeling blue, smiling on my behalf
그를 잊게 해줄 노래  The song that can forget him

Hey DJ play me a song to make me cry  Hey DJ play me a song to make me cry
가슴이 답답한 밤에 나 대신 울어줄  At the night where I am feeling frustrated, crying on my behalf
그를 잊게 해줄 노래  The song that can forget him

치열했던 하루를 위로하는 어둠마저 잠든 이 밤  The night that eases my intense day and where darkness is in sleep
수백 번 나를 토해내네 그대 아프니까  Hundreds of times, pouring me out, as you are in pain
난 당신의 삶 한 귀퉁이 한 조각이자  I am a part of your life
그대의 감정들의 벗 때로는 familia  Your friend, sometimes familia

때때론 잠시 쉬어 가고플 때  Sometimes when I wanna take a rest for a moment
함께임에도 외로움에 파묻혀질 때  When I feel loneliness despite of being together
추억에 취해서 누군가를 다시 게워낼 때  When drown with memories and bring up someone
그때야 비로소 난 당신의 음악이 됐네  Then eventually I become your music

그래 난 누군가에겐 봄 누군가에게는 겨울  Right, I am someone’s spring, and someone’s winter
누군가에겐 끝 누군가에게는 처음  Someone’s end, someone’s first
난 누군가에겐 행복 누군가에겐 넋  I am someone’s happiness, and someone’s spirit
누군가에겐 자장가이자 때때로는 소음  Someone’s sleep song, and sometimes noise

함께 할게 그대의 탄생과 끝  I will be with you, your birth and death
어디든 함께 임을 기억하기를  Wherever you are I will remember you
언제나 당신의 삶을 위로할 테니  I will always comfort your life
부디 내게 가끔 기대어 쉬어가기를  So, please sometimes lean on me and rest

So I turn on my radio  So I turn on my radio
낯선 목소리가 들려오고  I hear some strange sound
And on the radio  And on the radio
슬픈 그 사연이 너무 내 얘기 같아서  That sad story is just like mine

Hey DJ play me a song to make me smile  Hey DJ play me a song to make me smile
마음이 울적한 밤에 나 대신 웃어줄  At the night where I am feeling blue, smiling on my behalf
그를 잊게 해줄 노래  The song that can forget him

Hey DJ play me a song to make me cry  Hey DJ play me a song to make me cry
가슴이 답답한 밤에 나 대신 울어줄  At the night where I am feeling frustrated, crying on my behalf
그를 잊게 해줄 노래  The song that can forget him

창밖엔 또 비가 와  It’s raining outside window
이럴 땐 꼭 네가 떠올라  I always think of you in times like this
잠이 오지 않아  I cannot fall asleep
난 어쩔 수 없나 봐  I cannot help myself

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109 ‘별이 되지 않아도 돼’

일이 하나도 안 풀리고  nothing is working
속상하고 답답할 때  when feeling disappointed and stuck
내가 나를 달랠 힘도 없고  no energy to make myself feel better
공허하고 외로울 때  when feeling empty and lonely

세상은 마음처럼  the world, the way I want
하나도 쉽지 않고  isn’t easy
내 앞에 길이  the road ahead of me
막막해 보일 때  seems so far away

어제와 똑같은  same as yesterday
반복되는 일상 속에  in the repeating daily life
지친 내가 보일 때  when I look beat

하늘을 바라봐  take a look at the sky
어두워도 괜찮아  it’s okay even if it’s dark
빛나는 별을 찾지 않아도 돼  don’t need to look for shining stars

멍하니 바라봐  just stare at it
아무 생각 없이  without any thoughts
빛나는 별이 되지 않아도 돼  don’t need to be the shining star

사람들의 위로  people’s comfort
전혀 와닿지 않고  is not too personal to me
그냥 멋쩍게 웃어넘길 때  when just letting it pass with a smile

집에 가는 길에  on the way home
고개 들 힘도 없지만  no energy to lift my head up
혼자 이겨내야 할 때  when I have to fight by myself

하늘을 바라봐  take a look at the sky
어두워도 괜찮아  it’s okay even if it’s dark
빛나는 별을 찾지 않아도 돼  don’t need to look for shining stars

멍하니 바라봐  just stare at it
아무 생각 없이  without any thoughts
빛나는 별이 되지 않아도 돼  don’t need to be the shining star

하늘을 바라봐  take a look at the sky
어두워도 괜찮아  it’s okay even if it’s dark
빛나는 별을 찾지 않아도 돼  don’t need to look for shining stars

멍하니 바라봐  just stare at it
아무 생각 없이  without any thoughts
빛나는 별이 되지 않아도 돼  don’t need to be the shining star

조금은 느리게 걸어가도 돼  it’s okay to walk a bit slow

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위너 WINNER ‘MILLIONS’

I like you babe  I like you babe
어디가 그렇게 좋으냐고 묻네  you ask me what I like about you
Baby wait a sec  Baby wait a sec
손가락 열 개를 다 접어도 이유를 다 세지 못할 만큼  to the degree I cannot count all the reasons with my ten fingers
Just like you babe  Just like you babe
이걸론 부족해?  is that enough?

말해 뭐해 거 아가씨  tell you what miss
넌 조물주의 마스터피스  you are the god’s creation master piece
어제 마젤란이 말하길  yesterday as per Magellan
너 찾아다닌 거래 지구 한 바퀴  he was looking for you all around the globe
반대로 반대로 넌 내가 왜 좋아?  on the other hand, on the other hand, why do you like me?
마 뜨면 혼나 야  don’t take too much time to answer
Milli는 뭔 Milli, 넌 Billi, um.. Trillion  what Milli, you are Billi, umm.. Trillion
말해줘 일일이? 어?  do you want me to spell it out? eh?

겉으로만 수백 가지 그 속엔 백만 가지  hundreds outside, millions inside
이유들로 네가 좋아 Baby   of reasons, I like you Baby
해가 두 번 뜰 때까지 옆에 있어 줄래 같이   will you stay with me until the sun rises two more times
다 말해주고 싶어  I wanna tell you all

네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)

I like you babe  I like you babe
어디가 그렇게 좋으냐고 묻네  you ask me what I like about you
Baby wait a sec  Baby wait a sec
이틀을 쉬지 않고 말해도 끝없이 말할 수 있을 만큼  not enough time to tell you for two days without a break
Just like you babe  Just like you babe
이걸론 부족해?  is that enough?


네가 얼마큼 좋냐고?  asking how much I like you?
이 세상 컬러에 숫자를 메길게  as many different colours as there are in the world
어려운 수학은 몰라도 사랑은 더하고 제곱에 Babe  I am not good at difficult math, but for love I know how to add and multiply Babe
코끝을 간지럽히는 봄이 찾아온 듯이 꽃 피는  flowers are blooming as if the spring has arrived
내 맘에 나비가 돼 날아와  fly to my heart like a butterfly
날갯짓에 난 또 설레잖아  I get thrilled about how elegantly wings are moving

겉으로만 수백 가지 그 속엔 백만 가지  hundreds outside, millions inside
이유들로 네가 좋아 Baby   of reasons, I like you Baby
해가 두 번 뜰 때까지 옆에 있어 줄래 같이   will you stay with me until the sun rises two more times
다 말해주고 싶어  I wanna tell you all

네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)

(One) 원해 내 마음이 너를 원해  (1) I want you, my heart wants you
(Two) 투정 부려도 예쁘네  (2) you still look pretty when you whine
(Three) 스릴러 영화는 싫은데  (3) I am not a fan of thriller movies
너와 함께면 열 번을 봐도 OK  but I am OK watching them even 10 times as long as I am with you

(Four) For me 나를 위해주네  (4) For me, you care about me
(Five) Five star S라인 몸매  (5) Five star S line body shape
(Six) Sixth sense 반전 매력에  (6) Sixth sense twist attraction
  umm

네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions

(듣고 싶을 때 언제든지 말만 해 이 노랠 불러줄게)  (I’ll sing this song for you anytime you wanna hear)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions  reasons I like you Got millions
(알고 싶을 때 언제든지 말만 해 내가 다 말해줄게)  (I’ll tell you all anytime you wanna know)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions  reasons I like you Got millions

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TVXQ! 동방신기 ‘Truth’

사랑이란 거 폈다 졌다   what’s called love is blooming and wilting
매번 뻔하지  every time it’s obvious
그 누가 등 떠민 사람도 없어  no one pressures you to say that
다 흔한 얘기지  it’s all the same story

한 사람을 만났다   you meet someone
불같이 사랑했다   fall in love deeply
또 끝나면 아팠다  you suffer upon ending
그런데 난  but I

다시 설레는 이유   the reason I am excited again
깊게 패인 상처가 아물지 않단 걸 잊은 채로   while forgetting the pain I had still hasn’t been recovered
다시 떨리는 이유   the reason I am thrilled again
나 정답을 안다면  if I knew the reason
또 다시 사랑을 하겠어?  would I fall in love again?

시간이 가면 무덤덤 해져   you get used to it as time goes by
대체 누가 그래   who else is like that
아직 내 심장은 살아 있고   my heart is still pumping
내 머리는 기억을 해   my head can still remember
쉬울 수가 없어   but it’s not easy
사랑이란 게   what’s called love

한 사람이 떠났다 (아파도)   someone leaves (painful but)
시간에 무뎌졌다   you get used to it
또 사랑을 찾았다  you find another love
그렇게 난   just like that, I

다시 설레는 이유   the reason I am excited again
깊게 패인 상처가 아물지 않단 걸 잊은 채로   while forgetting the pain I had still hasn’t been recovered
다시 떨리는 이유   the reason I am thrilled again
나 정답을 안다면  if I knew the reason
또 다시 사랑을 하겠어?  would I fall in love again?

헤어지면 아프단 걸  when you say good bye, pain
너무 잘 알면서도   is something you know well
다시 반복하고 있어  but it’s repeating
나와 다른 누군가와   me and someone else
같은 꿈을 꾸면서   have the same dream
진실한 사랑을 찾아   and look for the true love

오직 단 하나의  the only one
네 진심을 보여줘  show me your truth
Hey!  Hey!

다시 설레는 이유   the reason I am excited again
나와 닮은 상처를   similar pain as mine
누구든 하나쯤 갖고 살아  can be carried by anyone sometime in their lives
다시 꿈꾸는 이유  the reason I dream again
단 하나의 진실한   the only true
사랑을 난 찾을 때까지  love, until I find one

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EXO ‘Love Shot’

차갑도록 서롤 겨눈 채  we viciously aim at each other
날이 선 듯 그 목소리엔  the voice like a sharp knife
숨막히는 것만 가득해  it’s filled with suffocation
Oh oh oh oh oh  Oh oh oh oh oh
Aye ye  Aye ye


눈을 가린 채로 그렇게  with eyes being covered like that
굳게 닫아버린 서로의  our firmly closed
맘이 애써 외면하는 걸  mind is struggling to look away


Ah 타들어가  Ah it’s burning up
갈라질 듯 숨이 막혀와  it’s getting out of breath
갈증이 나  getting thirsty
이 한 잔을 가득히 담아  fill it up in this glass
넘칠 듯한  almost overflowing
위태론 오늘 밤을 난  risky tonight


It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot
Na nanana nananana &#160Na nanana nananana
Na nanana nanana  Na nanana nanana
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Oh oh oh oh oh  Oh oh oh oh oh
It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Na nanana nanana  Na nanana nanana
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Oh oh oh oh oh  Oh oh oh oh oh
It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot


비틀려버린 love & hate  dried up love & hate
아름다웠던 기억들  beautiful memories
하얗게 물들여져  are becoming
조금씩 바래어가  a bit unclear


매일 더 깊어져 calm down  it’s getting deep every day
상처가 되는 말과  hurtful words and
검게 타버린 마음 Where is love?  darkly burned out mind Where is love?
Yeah yeah yeah yeah  Yeah yeah yeah yeah


눈과 귀를 막고  block eyes and ears
억지로 헤매봐도 결국 정답은 love  forcefully trying but eventually the answer is love
too much ego에 주린 배를 불리고  due to too much ego, get hungry stomach full
비어버린 한 잔의 compassion  empty glass’ compassion


이제 다시 채워 들어보자 다  let’s fill it up all again

It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot
Na nanana nananana &#160Na nanana nananana
Na nanana nanana  Na nanana nanana
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Oh oh oh oh oh  Oh oh oh oh oh
It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Na nanana nanana  Na nanana nanana
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Oh oh oh oh oh  Oh oh oh oh oh
It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot


People come and people go  People come and people go
세상에 멈춰선 너와 난   you and I stopped in the world
무뎌진 감정들에  senseless emotions
서서히 익숙해져가  getting used to them


심장이 타  heart is burning
메마르다 갈라질 듯한  so dry as if it’s split
믿음에 난  to the faith
너로 적셔 틈을 채워가  I wet you and fill up the gap
꺼질 듯한  almost blown out
내 맘에 불을 붙여놔  light up in my heart
Yeah  yeah


It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot
Na nanana nananana &#160Na nanana nananana
Na nanana nanana  Na nanana nanana
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Oh oh oh oh oh  Oh oh oh oh oh
It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Na nanana nanana  Na nanana nanana
Na nanana nananana  Na nanana nananana
Oh oh oh oh oh  Oh oh oh oh oh
It’s the love shot  It’s the love shot

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