How To Refer Friends In Korean

Do you know ‘Friends’ in Korean culture mean different from ones in the western world?

Friend is 친구 in Korean and you pronounce it as [chin gu]. For the natural pronunciation, it can be pronounced as [ching gu].


My experience with friends in Canada

It seems the western culture defines friends depending on how close you are to someone. This can be due to the length of time you’ve known the person or admiration towards someone etc. But, this is regardless of their age.

First I thought it was strange to see younger western kids calling someone who’s a lot older than them a friend. This can be a great advantage if you like to meet new people without having a barrier to the age hierarchy. However, this can sometimes lack a certain level of respect that Korean culture has towards someone who’s older than them.


Friends in Korean culure

Personally, I have never called someone who’s at a different age a friend. In our culture, we refer people by their statuses and titles, therefore, between close ‘Friends’ (western term), we don’t call each other ‘Friends’ if we are not the same age.

Usually when you are a student in schools (up to high school), peers you study with are mostly likely the same age as you, 99% in my personal experience. This means almost everyone you hang out with is the same age friend. I believe this can happen due to our educational system that you don’t jump ahead because you have a better grade than others.

Once you enter a college or a university, you may see more diverse age groups as men must serve in military service for two years and they usually do it during the school years. That means when they come back to school from the service, they will be older than other students. Another common reason is some people take the Suneung (Korean version of SAT) more than once to enter a school. They will be older than other students as well.

Once you get a job in the work force, you may not care about age as much because titles in a company override age. However, if you meet people outside of work, you may still need to know their age to figure out how to refer them if they prefer being called non-title.

For these reasons (probably many other reasons as well), we need to figure out who is older or younger than you by asking “How old are you? 몇살이에요?” [myeo ssarieyo]. This is not a rude question as this is necessary to determine how to refer someone. If you are asking the question to someone who is clearly older than you, this could be rude depending on the individual.


How to refer friends in Korean

Someone who’s older than you

오빠 [obba]: Older man called by a younger female
[hyeong]: Older man called by a younger male
언니 [eonni]: Older woman called by a younger female
누나 [nuna]: Older woman called by a younger male

Someone who’s younger than you

동생 [dongsaeng]: Younger sibling
남동생 [namdongsaeng]: Male younger sibling
여동생 [yeodongsaeng]: Female younger sibling
Their names

Which culture do you prefer when it comes to referring friends?”
Comment below. 🙂

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How To Learn Korean Number Systems

Korean Number Systems

Two Korean Number Systems

There are interestingly two number systems in Korean language.

What….? yea… and we use each system for different things.. @.@ (This is a separate topic for another post)
Historically, we were very much close to China and influenced by their language even before Korean language (Hangeul) was invented. So, we have the Chinese system and the Korean system written in Korean.


Difference Between Chinese And Korean Systems

Chinese number system is also called Sino system. Chinese system numbers sound similar to the actual numbers in Chinese. Thus, if you also speak Chinese, you will have an easier time to learn the Chinese number system.
Korean number system goes up to 99. (There is a word for 100 온 but no one uses it.) Anything above that, we use Chinese system. Let’s begin to learn how to say 1 to 10 first. 🙂

Count 1 to 10

Numbers Korean Chinese
1 하나
2
3
4
5 다섯
6 여섯
7 일곱
8 여덟
9 아홉
10

After 10, you just combine two numbers. 11 becomes 열하나 in Korean and 십일 in Chinese. 12 becomes 열둘 in Korean and 십이 in Chinese, and so on.. For the Korean system, you need to know each name for numbers that end with 0.

Count 10 to 90

Numbers Korean Chinese
10
20 스물 이십
30 서른 삼십
40 마흔 사십
50 오십
60 예순 육십
70 일흔 칠십
80 여든 팔십
90 아흔 구십

Count from 100

Numbers Chinese
100
1000
10,000
100,000 십만
1,000,000 백만
10,000,000 천만
100,000,000

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Let’s learn all about this verb 있다

Korean verb 있다

There are a variety of meanings about this verb and it’s one of the most frequently used and basic verbs, but yet confusing. I will solve your puzzle about the verb in this post. 🙂 Comment below if you have questions after reading the post.

Meaning of the verb

You can think of the verb 있다 since three meanings below.
1) To exist
2) To have
3) There is/ are

Examples phrases

s.p = Subject Particle
o.p = Object Particle
l.p = Location Particle

For examples
저는 여기에 있어요. I am here.
I+s.p here+l.p exist.

저는 책이 있어요. I have a book.
I+s.p book+s.p have.

식탁에 사과 두개가 있어요. There are two apples on the table.
table+l.p apple two object counting unit+s.p there are.

Audio clip of the phrases

Note that 있다 is a verb that doesn’t require to have an object. Therefore, you should not use object particle with it. As you can see the second example above, there are two subjects and that’s normal if the verb doesn’t require objects. In this case, you would preferably want to use 은,는 for the first subject noun, and then 이, 가 for the second subject noun.

Instagram related post

Does Korean language Have Alphabet?

Consonants

Korean alphabet has a total of 29 consonants and they are broken down into three categories;

14 basic consonants, 5 double consonants, and 10 reformed consonants

1. Basic Consonants (14)

gndl / rmbs
slient / ngjchktph

2. Double Consonants (5)

ggddbbssjj

3. Reformed Consonants (10)

gsnjnhrgrmrbrsrtrprh

Vowels

There are a total of 21 consonants and they are broken down into three categories;

10 basic vowels and 11 reformed vowels

The first row is Korean vowels and the second row is how each one represents in English, but they are not the same as pronunciation.
The third line is the vowel position in each syllable.
s – side
b – bottom
m – mix (side and bottom)

You don’t need to worry about the vowel position until you learn how to make syllables.

1. Basic Vowels (10)

ayaeoyeooyouyueui
ssssbbbbbs

2. Reformed Vowels (11)

aeyaeeyeoiuieui
ssssmmm
   
oaeueueooa   
mmmm   

CARDDIA Korean Alphabet

FAQS

  • What’s the advantage and disadvantage of having so many vowels since there are only 5 vowels in English?

    In English, 5 vowels can be pronounced in different ways depending on which words they are used in.
    For example, ‘banana’ has three As in one word but each a sounds all different like [beo naei na]. However, in Korean, we have so many vowels that you can write and make sound for each vowel which is really cool because you will know how to pronounce words even if it’s the first time to see them! How many times have you had troubles to pronounce English words correctly as it’s the first time to see the word? many..! You won’t have this same problem with Korean. 🙂
    The only downside is you need to take more time to memorize all vowels at the beginner’s level. but that’s okay.. 🙂

    Do the Korean consonants sound like English consonants?

    Yes they do.. but they will be pronounced a bit more strongly. For example, sometime you may hear ‘k’ letter but it’s written ㄱ (g) in Korean. Thus, often when you see Korean romanized words such as 김치(kimchi), they tended to be written for people to pronounce the words rather than the actual writing. However, if you start thinking k for Korean ㄱ (g), how can you write Korean ㅋ (k)? My romanization methods are made for writing purposes since I really want you to understand how to say based on looking at Korean characters rather than English romanization.

    What does ㄹ (l / r) mean?

    Korean consonant ㄹ can be more like l or r depending on where the consonant position is. When the consonant ㄹ is the first consonant in the syllable, it’s pronounced more like ‘l’. When ㄹ is the last consonant in the syllable, it’s pronounced more like ‘r’. I still want you to know that you never roll your tongue inside like English ‘r’. You need to relax your tongue to make a sound of Korean ‘r’.

    What is exactly silent/ng for a consonant ‘ㅇ’?

    When the consonant ‘ㅇ’ is the first consonant in the syllable, it’s silent and when it’s the last consonant, it’s pronounced as ‘ng’. The reason why it could be silent is you can’t break the rule of Korean syllable structure which is always starting with a consonant. (You will learn this structure in the next level,Foundation.) When a syllable starts with a vowel in speaking, you still need to fill a consonant to form a syllable in writing.
    In this case, ‘ㅇ’ (silent) comes in handy.

    How do you pronounce double consonants? What’s the difference with regular consonants?

    I would say the double consonants have more traction when you speak.The sound for ㄲ comes out from back of your throat. The sound for ㄸ has strong traction between your tongue and roof of your mouth. The sound for ㅃ also has strong traction between your lips and for ㅆ and ㅉ, it’s between teeth.

    I am really lost with reformed consonants. How the heck do you pronounce them?

    Yeah.. it’s even hard for me to pronounce them. Just you know.. they are only used as last consonants. Try to pronounce the consonants from left to right but sometimes, only one consonant can be pronounced in certain words. These consonants are not as common to be used so you can learn to say them as you go.

    There are so many vowels to remember. Can you please help me how to memerize them more effectively?

    Yes! I’ve thought about this and made my own methods to remember these vowels more easily. You will appreciate why I put vowels in the rows that way. In the first line of the reformed vowels, they are the same vowels from the basic vowels except that they are added with an extra vowel ‘ㅣ’. However, ㅛ and ㅠ don’t apply to this, and you would just have to remember the 4 vowels in the second line.. I still hope this method helps since it’s easy to extend 7 vowels from the basic ones. 🙂

    Some vowels sound the same to me. How can I distinguish them?

    Let’s first find out what vowels are similar to each other. The first group ㅐ and ㅔ. The second group ㅒ, ㅖ and the third group ㅚ, ㅙ, ㅞ.
    When you pronounce those vowels that are similar to each other, there may be a scientific explanation to distinguish them depending on your tongue position but I wouldn’t really want you to worry about it. Here is why.. For example, in English, if ‘apple’ is spelled as ‘epple’, what is the difference? A and e in those words are pronounced so similar that English speakers don’t care much to make difference when speaking. Anther good example is ‘marry’ and ‘merry’. For those Korean vowels groups, it’s the same thing. However, You can distinguish them more easily in writing when you romanize English words to Korean. ‘ㅐ’is more like ‘a’ in English vs ‘ㅔ’ as in ‘e’. For example, if you romanize ‘sara’, I would more likely to write 새라 rather than 세라. However, romanizaiton could your preference.

위너 WINNER ‘MILLIONS’ Korean Music Lyrics Translation

Korean music translation

위너 WINNER ‘MILLIONS’

I like you babe  I like you babe
어디가 그렇게 좋으냐고 묻네  you ask me what I like about you
Baby wait a sec  Baby wait a sec
손가락 열 개를 다 접어도 이유를 다 세지 못할 만큼  to the degree I cannot count all the reasons with my ten fingers
Just like you babe  Just like you babe
이걸론 부족해?  is that enough?

말해 뭐해 거 아가씨  tell you what miss
넌 조물주의 마스터피스  you are the god’s creation master piece
어제 마젤란이 말하길  yesterday as per Magellan
너 찾아다닌 거래 지구 한 바퀴  he was looking for you all around the globe
반대로 반대로 넌 내가 왜 좋아?  on the other hand, on the other hand, why do you like me?
마 뜨면 혼나 야  don’t take too much time to answer
Milli는 뭔 Milli, 넌 Billi, um.. Trillion  what Milli, you are Billi, umm.. Trillion
말해줘 일일이? 어?  do you want me to spell it out? eh?

겉으로만 수백 가지 그 속엔 백만 가지  hundreds outside, millions inside
이유들로 네가 좋아 Baby   of reasons, I like you Baby
해가 두 번 뜰 때까지 옆에 있어 줄래 같이   will you stay with me until the sun rises two more times
다 말해주고 싶어  I wanna tell you all

네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)

I like you babe  I like you babe
어디가 그렇게 좋으냐고 묻네  you ask me what I like about you
Baby wait a sec  Baby wait a sec
이틀을 쉬지 않고 말해도 끝없이 말할 수 있을 만큼  not enough time to tell you for two days without a break
Just like you babe  Just like you babe
이걸론 부족해?  is that enough?


네가 얼마큼 좋냐고?  asking how much I like you?
이 세상 컬러에 숫자를 메길게  as many different colours as there are in the world
어려운 수학은 몰라도 사랑은 더하고 제곱에 Babe  I am not good at difficult math, but for love I know how to add and multiply Babe
코끝을 간지럽히는 봄이 찾아온 듯이 꽃 피는  flowers are blooming as if the spring has arrived
내 맘에 나비가 돼 날아와  fly to my heart like a butterfly
날갯짓에 난 또 설레잖아  I get thrilled about how elegantly wings are moving

겉으로만 수백 가지 그 속엔 백만 가지  hundreds outside, millions inside
이유들로 네가 좋아 Baby   of reasons, I like you Baby
해가 두 번 뜰 때까지 옆에 있어 줄래 같이   will you stay with me until the sun rises two more times
다 말해주고 싶어  I wanna tell you all

네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)

(One) 원해 내 마음이 너를 원해  (1) I want you, my heart wants you
(Two) 투정 부려도 예쁘네  (2) you still look pretty when you whine
(Three) 스릴러 영화는 싫은데  (3) I am not a fan of thriller movies
너와 함께면 열 번을 봐도 OK  but I am OK watching them even 10 times as long as I am with you

(Four) For me 나를 위해주네  (4) For me, you care about me
(Five) Five star S라인 몸매  (5) Five star S line body shape
(Six) Sixth sense 반전 매력에  (6) Sixth sense twist attraction
  umm

네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions
The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)  The reason I like you (Oh yeah yeah yeah yeah yeah)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions millions millions  reasons I like you Got millions millions millions

(듣고 싶을 때 언제든지 말만 해 이 노랠 불러줄게)  (I’ll sing this song for you anytime you wanna hear)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions  reasons I like you Got millions
(알고 싶을 때 언제든지 말만 해 내가 다 말해줄게)  (I’ll tell you all anytime you wanna know)
네가 좋은 이유 Got millions  reasons I like you Got millions

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뉴이스트 W ‘Help Me’ Korean Music Lyrics Translation

Korean Music Translation

뉴이스트 W ‘Help Me’

Help me help me  Help me help me
Help me help me  Help me help me
Help me help me  Help me help me

쏟아지는 나의 심정은 그리운 그대여  pouring my heart misses you
우리 사연이 다 꿈이라면 끝인가 보오  if our story is all in dream, it must be an end

Um 그리움 한 줌  Um a handful of longingness
속에는 외로움  loneliness inside
마음은 와르르  my mind is in desperation
무너져 그 다음은   it’s collapsing and the next is
슬픔에 너를 담아 하루 더 살아가요  I live one more day having you in my sadness
이렇게 아파하는 건 익숙하니까  because I am used to being hurt like this

인연이라는 말이  the word of “destiny”
두 눈에 보일까요  can be seen with our eyes
Um  Um
무너진 내 세상의  in my collapsed world
유일한 미래는 너란 것  you are the only future

오 날 위해서 Help me  oh for me Help me
모든 말로 다 Help me now  with all the words Help me now
내 모든 짙은 아픔 상처 다 Oh  all my deep pain and wound all Oh
Baby tell me tell me what you gonna do  Baby tell me tell me what you gonna do
Help me  Help me


매일 무너져 난 Help me  Every day I am falling down Help me
매일 쓰러져 난 Help me   Every day I am collapsing Help me
매일 무너져 난 Help me  Every day I am falling down Help me
So help me  So help me
So help me  So help me

Woo  Woo
우리 다시금 본다면  if we see again
더 많이 널 안아주고  hug you more
더 많이 널 마주보고 싶을거야  I would want to see you more
아마도 난  perhaps I

하루의 전부를  entire day
너로 견뎌내고 있어  I am getting by thinking of you
Help me  Help me

어디서부터 잘못된 건지 모른 나요  I don’t know from where it went wrong
네가 내가 되어 추억 속에서 살아요  you become me and live in the memory
슬피 운다 그리운 맘  I cry sad, missing you
슬피 운다 너를 본다  I cry sad, seeing you


인연이라는 말이  the word of “destiny”
두 눈에 보일까요  can be seen with our eyes
Um  Um
무너진 내 세상의  in my collapsed world
유일한 미래는 너란 것  you are the only future

오 날 위해서 Help me  oh for me Help me
모든 말로 다 Help me now  with all the words Help me now
내 모든 짙은 아픔 상처 다 Oh  all my deep pain and wound all Oh
Baby tell me tell me what you gonna do  Baby tell me tell me what you gonna do
Help me  Help me

매일 무너져 난 Help me  Every day I am falling down Help me
매일 쓰러져 난 Help me   Every day I am collapsing Help me
매일 무너져 난 Help me  Every day I am falling down Help me
So help me  So help me
So help me  So help me

세상 모든 말 중 미워할 수 없는  among all the words in the world, one thing you cannot dislike
아픔을 가진 말은 Oh 너 뿐이야  and that carries pain is Oh only you
아냐 넌 기쁨이야  It’s not, you are a joy
넌 나의 행복이야  you are my happiness
때묻지 않은 넌 믿음이야 Oh No  you are the faith without taint, Oh No
널 지웠다가 생각하고 보고싶다 미워하고  I erased you and thought about you, then missed you, then hated you
난 어떡해  what should I do
I’ll Be there For You  I’ll Be there For You

날 위해서 Help me  for me Help me
모든 말로 다 Help me now  with all the words Help me now
내 모든 짙은 아픔 상처 다 Oh  all my deep pain and wound all Oh
Baby tell me tell me what you gonna do  Baby tell me tell me what you gonna do

Help me  Help me
Help me  Help me
Help me  Help me
Help me  Help me

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